Colossal Infrastructure : Development of Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Jakarta
Jakarta, a city of people’s hopes and dreams. It is a capital city of Indonesia, and currently there are numerous growth of infrastructures in Jakarta. One infrastructure that is worth mentioning is the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Jakarta. That colossal project of infrastructure has its own up and down, but eventually it was going well until now.
The Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) is an infrastructure that aims to solve the traffic problem in Jakarta. In general, it will be use as another public transport option to make people start not to rely on their own vehicle to go around Jakarta, thus minimizing the traffic congestion. This Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) also makes everything become even more practical for people to go from point a to b faster and cheaper, because sometimes the Transjakarta Buses is still suffering from the traffic lag across Jakarta.
It was all started out at around 2003 when people of Jakarta began to suffer from the daily traffic jam without any good problem solver. Monorail was a major plan to solve the public transportation option in order to minimize that traffic jam. However, that big infrastructure project does not go well in terms of financial planning. It was require a huge amount of budgets investments (3 trillion Rupiah, estimated) and it makes the project was go into a complete standstill, even that there are several poles that already erected across Jakarta.
In order to minimize the traffic problem whilst waiting for the progress of monorail, the Transjakarta Bus Rapid Transit was started on 15 January 2004. It was until 2013 on the era of Governor Joko Widodo; the project was started out and changed into the Mass Rapid Transit for a bigger scoop of area in Jakarta covered. The groundbreaking ceremony was a successful event, thus creating a big history of public transport infrastructure for Jakarta.
This new public transportation mode will have an expectation capacity to serve around two hundred thousand passengers for each day. Furthermore, the capacity still can be increased until the maximum of nine hundred thousand passengers per day.
Development of Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Jakarta is separated into several phase and locations. This way is used to ensure the perfectly timed development. Another idea is to make the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) to become integrated with other public transportation services, such as Light Rapid Transit (LRT, planned), Commuter Line and the Transjakarta.
According to the development plan, the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Jakarta will built for 108 kilometers long. Starting from the 21.7 km North to South Line (Lebak Bulus to Kampung Bandan) and it will cross the 87 km East to West Line (Balaraja to Cikarang).
During the phase one of development, the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Jakarta will connect the main station on Lebak Bulus, straight into Bundaran HI for around 15.7km. This route also consists with thirteen stations, divided into seven elevated stations and six underground stations.
The integration test of phase one development was started on August 2018, and it will conduct an operation test beginning from December 2018 until late February 2019. Further inspections will still occurs until late 2019.
The Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) phase two will stretched across the North to South Line (Kampung Bandan to Bundaran HI). This phase two itself will be started straight after the phase one. However, the phase two development was having an issue within the land acquisition, making the progress slowed down in order to find another alternative location. Because of this issue, the phase two-construction progress is getting a step back for a month until January 2019. Until now, there is not any confirmation when the phase two construction and development completion will start and end.
Final Approach of Phase One Completion
Until February 2019, the progress of phase one Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Jakarta has reached its final approach. Governor Anies Baswedan already made a lot of preparation and discussion with the Bank of Indonesia about the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) ticketing and price. According to the Governor, the expected ticket price will be around Rp 8.000 to Rp 9.000 for every ten kilometer of trip. The ticket fixed price will announced on late February 2019 and the phase one will be fully operated for public use in March 2019.