Snoop the Gedung Juang 45 Background
This building is often visited by students. They came to know the historic building which had values of struggle during the period leading up to Indonesian independence and Dutch military aggression.
Gedung Juang 45 Bekasi, like other regions in Indonesia, Bekasi which is located side by side with Jakarta has a history of struggle against an equally heroic invaders. The Bekasi people’s struggle was captured in the famous poem by Chairil Anwar, Karawang – Bekasi.
Interestingly, Bekasi still has a pre-independence heritage building known as the Gedung Tinggi which is located on Sultan Hasanudin Street, near to Tambun Market and Tambun Railway Station. The Gedung Tinggi is now known as Gedung Juang 45. This neoclassical architecture building was built by landlord Kow Tjing Kie in 1910. The tall building is one of the historic buildings which also became a silent witness to the struggle of the Bekasi people during the physical revolution. At that time the Tambun and Cibarusah areas became the strength center of Republic of Indonesia (RI) forces. It should be noted that at the time of the independence revolution, the demarcation line separating the Republic of Indonesia from the Dutch territory located in the Sasak Jarang area. Now, the border between the East Bekasi sub-district and Tambun Sub-district and also he border of Bekasi City with Bekasi Regency.
As a result of continuously attacks, then they focused on the East Jakarta Klender area. On the contrary, the Indonesian fighters made this high-rise building used as a defense on the Bekasi – Jakarta defense front.
Controlled by Landlords
After the Dutch troops left Bekasi, Gedung Juang which consists of two floors, is owned and controlled by a Chinese landlord named Kouw Oen Huy. Landlords who managed to control hundreds of hectares of land in Tambun Subdistrict, even had rubber plantations. He was called ‘Kapiten’. He not only controls the land in Tambun, but also the Tekuk Pucung area, which is tens of kilometers away from Tambun, including in the Cakung area, also belongs to the landlord.
Now, Gedung Juang become a Bekasi-owned government office. It was built in two stages, in 1906 and in 1925. Initially, in the front yard of Gedung Juang, it was made into a fruit garden which among them was planted with mango trees which at that time had never been known to the Tambun community and Bekasi.
Landlord Kouw Oen Huy controlled this old building until 1942. Then, in 1943 to 1945, the historic building was under the supervision of the Japanese government. The Japanese army also used this old building as the center of its power in colonizing Indonesia.
At the time of the struggle for independence in 1945, the building, which was located on land about 1000 meters, was taken over by the Indonesian National Committee (KNI) to serve as the Jatinegara Regency Office. At that time, Bekasi was made a defensive front area, so the building also functioned as the Indonesian Combat Command Center in facing the Allied Army which had just finished the second world war.
In the building that has this monumental meaning, settlements and exchanges of prisoners of war occur. The location of the prisoner exchange itself was carried out near to Bekasi River which is not far from the Bekasi pawnshop. Many Japanese soldiers died being slaughtered and dumped in Bekasi River, making every year Japanese soldiers always sow flowers at times that stretch this Bekasi city.
In prisoner exchanges, Republic of Indonesia fighters were repatriated to Bekasi by the Dutch, and Dutch prisoners were sent back to Jakarta by Republic of Indonesia fighters via trains whose tracks were right behind Gedung Juang. This building is not far from the Tambun Bekasi Market, has also been used as the Indonesian Military Command Center during the physical struggle. This building has always been the target of firing aircraft and Dutch cannons. Lots of weirdness in this building. When the Dutch cannon was dropped on the building, it turned out that the cannon did not explode and only damaged a small part of the building.
That’s a brief history of Gedung Juang 45. Very interesting isn’t it? If you are curious and want to visit the building, please come to Jl. Sultan Hasanudin No.39, Setiadarma, Tambun Selatan, Bekasi, West Java 17510.